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2011 Redistricting Information

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This page is designed to provide information to citizens concerning the redrawing of election district boundaries, a process known as Redistricting. Redistricting will effect the boundaries of the five (5) Appomattox County Board of Supervisor/School Board districts as well as the boundaries of the General Assembly and Congressional districts serving Appomattox County.

Board Adopts "Leading Alternative" as Official 2011 Redistricting Plan

After a formal public hearing on Monday, April 25, 2011, the Board of Supervisors adopted the "Leading Alternative Plan" as the official 2011 Redistricting Plan which will be submitted to the US Department of Justice by County Attorney J. G. Overstreet.

Only one person choose to speak at the public hearing, Electoral Board and Redistricting Committee member Fred Underwood who urged the Board to adopt the "Leading Alternative Plan".

2011 Adopted Redistricting Map.

Have Comments on the "Leading Alternative Plan" or Redistricting in General? Please email redistricting@appomattoxcountyva.gov.

What is Redistricting?

Redistricting is the process in which the physical  boundaries of a voting district are changed.  Redistricting is required after each US Census in order to keep the population fairly equal across each voting district within the state or locality.  This insures the continuation of the "one man, one vote" principle central to our representative form of government.

Redistricting is a challenging activity due to laws, policies and court rulings that govern the process, particularly which issues must be taken into consideration when developing new election district boundaries.  In addition to population equality, the following issues must be considered:

  • Racial fairness
  • Compactness of districts;
  • Contiguity of districts;
  • Avoidance of split political subdivisions and precincts;
  • Preservation of communities of interest;
  • Preservation of the basic shape of existing districts;
  • Protection of incumbents and avoidance of the pairing of incumbents;
  • Political fairness or competitiveness;
  • Voter convenience and effective administration of elections; and
  • Avoidance of split Census blocks.

State Redistricting Information

The Virginia General Assembly is responsible for redrawing the State's Congressional district boundaries as well as the Delegate and State Senator boundaries.  For the latest information on proposed districts, visit the Division of Legislative Services Redistricting 2011 website.

County Redistricting Information

The Appomattox County Board of Supervisors has appointed a Redistricting Committee composed of:

  • Willie Craft, Board of Supervisors
  • Rev. Wes Williams, School Board
  • Jessie Lewis, Carver-Price Alumni Association
  • Fred Underwood, Electoral Board
  • Sabrina Smith, General Registrar

    The Committee has been assisted by:
  • Aileen Ferguson, County Administrator
  • John Spencer, Assistant County Administrator
  • J.G. Overstreet, County Attorney
  • Johnnie Roark, Director of Community Development

The Committee has worked to develop a "Leading Alternative Plan" which will be on display for public review and comment from 3:00 PM to 7:00 PM Wednesday April 6, 2011 at the Board of Supervisors Meeting Room in the Carver-Price Educational Complex (where CVCC is located).

This plan is an evolution of the current election district boundaries. The starting point in the process was the County's new 2010 Census population (14,973), which was divided by the number of election districts in the County (5) to find the “ideal” population (2,995) for each district.  This ideal population was then compared to the actual 2010 population for each district.  The district boundaries were then adjusted to to bring all five districts to within 5% (+ or -) of the “ideal” population.

After receiving public input, the Committee will review all comments and make any reasonable modification members feel should be made prior to presenting the "Leading Alternative Plan" to the Board of Supervisors at a Special Meeting on Monday April 11, 2011.   A formal public hearing for the "Leading Alternative Plan" has been scheduled for Monday April 25, 2011 at 7:00 PM.  After adoption, staff will submit a pre-clearance packet to the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) seeking DOJ approval of the new districts

Appomattox County is in the midst of the once-a-decade process of redrawing election district boundaries.  This process is known as “Redistricting”, and is required by law to keep the County’s five Board of Supervisors and School Board districts more or less equal in terms of population.  This insures the continuation of the “one man, one vote” principle central to our representative democracy.

To broaden the public’s understanding of the redistricting process and to solicit public input into the drawing of the new election district boundaries, the Appomattox County Redistricting Committee will hold a special Public Informational Session on Wednesday, April 6, 2011.  The session will be held from 3:00-7:00 PM at the Board of Supervisors’ Meeting Room in the Carver-Price Educational Complex.  This is a “floating” event, meaning that interested persons may participate at any point during the 4-hour time period.  There will be no formal presentation, but the Redistricting Committee’s “leading alternative” plan will be on display for public inspection.  Comments and concerns about the “leading alternative” plan are encouraged.

On the surface, the redistricting process seems pretty easy.  After each Census, the County’s new total population figure (14,973 in 2010) is divided by the number of election districts (5) to find the “ideal” population (2,995 in 2010) for each district.  This ideal population is then compared to the actual 2010 population for each district.  However, the challenge is to adjust district boundaries to bring all five districts to within 5% (+ or -) of the “ideal” population for each district.

The reason this is such a challenging activity is that by law and/or court rulings, the County’s Redistricting Committee must take into consideration the following issues along with population equality and racial fairness when redistricting:

  • Compactness of districts;
  • Contiguity of districts;
  • Avoidance of split political subdivisions and precincts;
  • Preservation of communities of interest;
  • Preservation of the basic shape of existing districts;
  • Protection of incumbents and avoidance of the pairing of incumbents;
  • Political fairness or competitiveness;
  • Voter convenience and effective administration of elections; and
  • Avoidance of split Census blocks.  (A criterion not found in the law, but one that is generally followed.)

Based on the results of the 2010 Census, the current Wreck Island District has 3,453 residents, which is 15.29% over the ideal population of 2,995.  The other four districts are all short of the ideal population:  Falling River District (-0.63%), Piney Mountain (-3.44%), Appomattox River (-5.24%), and Courthouse (-6.04).  From these numbers, the Redistricting Committee will develop the new district boundaries.

The changes will be mostly evolutionary in nature, with only minor adjustments made as necessary to even out the districts in terms of population.  An important change that will be reflected in the “leading alternative” plan to be displayed at the April 6th meeting is the adjustment of the Courthouse district boundary to incorporate the area around the Museum of the Confederacy property which will soon become part of the Town of Appomattox.

Once the Committee finalizes its work, a new district plan will be presented to the Board of Supervisors.  The Board will then schedule a formal public hearing to solicit comments on the proposed plan.  By mid-May, the Board should formally adopt the plan.  By the end of May, a pre-clearance packet will be sent to the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) seeking DOJ approval of the new districts.

According to Fred Underwood, Secretary of the Appomattox County Electoral Board, the Redistricting Committee grew comfortable with the “leading alternative” plan after meeting recently to discuss various alternative plans.  Mr. Underwood said that, as member of the Electoral Board, his “concern is with the administration of elections in the County.   The plan that was selected for display to the public at the April 6 meeting makes minimum changes and yet permits us to continue to use the current voting precinct buildings thereby avoiding the costs of establishing new precincts, or polling places.  I think that the plan which will be presented at the 6 April meeting fulfills all of the requirements for a minimum cost, effective redistricting.

The other members of the Redistricting Committee are Willie Craft, Board of Supervisors; Reverend Wes Williams, School Board; Jessie Lewis, Carver-Price Alumni; Sabrina Smith, General Registrar.  Assisting the Committee are County Administrator Aileen Ferguson, Assistant County Administrator John Spencer, County Attorney J.G. Overstreet, and Community Development Director Johnnie Roark.

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